Tag Archives: 18th Century

La Brocante

La Brocante, Montpellier Mews Antiques Market, Harrogate, dealer in fine French antique furniture and furnishings along with French and English prints

La Brocante, Montpellier Mews Antiques Market, Harrogate, dealer in fine French antique glass, furniture, and furnishings along with French and English prints

La Brocante

La Brocante is based in Montpellier Mews Antique Market, Montpellier Street in Harrogate and deals in fine antique French glass, French furniture and French/English antique prints.

La Brocante will be exhibiting at the Rose Antiques Fairs York Racecourse Antiques Fair on the 8 and 9 June 2018.

For further information and to reserve or buy any of the Antique furniture, furnishings or prints on this page e-mail john.sherriff@virginmedia.com. For an informal chat with John Sherriff  about his stock items call him on  07941985726.

Malcolm Eglin Antiques

Malcolm Eglin Antiques is a friendly Northumbrian dealership specialising in decorative antiques, fine art and period 17th, 18th and 19th century furnishings perfect for interior design.

 Malcolm Elgin Antiques, Hexam, Northumbria

Malcolm Elgin Antiques, Hexam, Northumbria

Malcolm Eglin Antiques is based in Hexham Northumbria in a 2,000 sqft warehouse, with ample free parking,

Malcolm Eglin  Antiques will be exhibiting at the Rose Antiques Fairs York Racecourse Antiques Fair on the 8th and 9th June 2018.

For further information and or to view, buy or pre-order any of the stunning below below, e-mail Malcolm Eglin Antiques at malcolm@malcolmeglinantiques.com Alternatively, for an informal chat about stock items, call Malcolm Eglin on 01434 609609.

Karen Bradley

Very striking late 19th century silver parasol handle & tips, with the handle in the form of a herons head.

Very striking late 19th century silver parasol handle & tips, with the handle in the form of a herons head.

Dealer in fine pocket watches, silver and bijouterie.

Karen Bradley will be exhibiting at the Rose Antiques Fairs York Racecourse Antiques Fair on the 10 – 11 June 2017.

To reserve or buy any item on this page contact Karen Bradley at 07885 732193 or visit her web site at https://sites.google.com/antiquekaren.co.uk/view/home

Ian Milbourne

Old Sheffield Plated Coconut Cup £295

Old Sheffield Plated Coconut Cup £295

Ian Milbourne

Ian Milbourne will be exhibiting a mixture of fine bronzes, antique treen, boxes, ink stands and snuff boxes.

Ian Milbourne will be exhibiting at the Rose Antiques Fairs York Racecourse Antiques Fair on the 10 – 11 June 2017.

For further information about stock items and an informal discussion please phone Ian Milbourne at 01430 432329.

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Wildcroft Antiques

Examples of stock exhibited by Wildcroft Antiques include Lalique, and fine Georgian, Victorian and arts and crafts silver

Examples of stock exhibited by Wildcroft Antiques include Lalique, small furniture and fine Georgian, Victorian and arts and crafts silver

Wildcroft Antiques

Dealers in fine silver, glass and country furniture.

Wildcroft Antiques will be exhibiting at the Rose Antiques Fairs York Racecourse Antiques Fair on the 10th and 11th June 2017. For further information about stock and an informal discussion, e-mail Wildcroft Antiques at matthew.oliver@wildcroftantiques.co.uk

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Jane Kirsopp Reed

Jane Kirsopp Reed, dealer in decorative antiques.

Jane Kirsopp Reed, dealer in decorative antiques.

Jane Kirsopp Reed deals in fine antique furniture, porcelain, silver, glass, art, and an array of lovely decorative arts and crafts pieces.
Jane will be exhibiting at the Rose Antiques Fairs York Racecourse Antiques Fair on the 10th and 11th June 2017.

For further information about stock items and an informal discussion, email Jane at janekirsoppreed@hotmail.com

Tea Drinking And The Origins of English Porcelain Manufacture

The history of tea drinking in England begins with Portuguese traders importing tea to Portugal. The exotic oriental nature of this new drink, along with its high price, soon brought it to the attention of the Portuguese Royal Court, where tea became highly fashionable. Samual Pepys diary records that small amounts of tea were being imported into England by 1660, but tea didn’t acquire popularity. It took the Restoration of the Monarchy and the marriage of Charles II to the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza in 1662 before tea gained favour in England. Catherine had been brought up with tea in the Portuguese court and brought the tea drinking habit with her to the English court. Very soon tea became fashionable at court from where tea drinking spread to the aristocracy. This led to the East India Company, founded in 1600, making its first order of 100lbs of China tea from Java in 1664. Throughout the rest of the 17th century the amounts of tea shipped into Britain by the East India Tea Company steadily increased, but tea really took off as a popular drink in the 18th century, such that by 1750 the East India Company was shipping in just under 5 million pounds of tea.

During the early to mid 18th century, the East India Trading Company shipped tea along with other goods from China to England. One of the problems with the shipping of perishable commodities from China to England was the length of the voyage. The return trip could take up to 22 months and sea water could get into the holds. In order to use this space profitably, the East India Company and its officers, who traded privately, began to buy inexpensively manufactured Chinese porcelain teaware from dealers in Canton. As the teaware was sea water resistant, it could be used as ballast by packing it into the lower, leaky parts of the hold. The teaware could then be sold at 3-4 times the price paid on arrival in England. The availability of teaware further promoted tea drinking and the sale of tea.

Most of the Chinese porcelain imported by the East India Company was landed at the company wharf at London Bridge and sold via East India House in Leadenhall Street to a group of English merchants referred to as the London Chinamen. This had the effect of centralising the supply of teaware and Chinese porcelain in London.

Chinese porcelain was quite different to English and continental earthenware based ceramics. The Chinese porcelain was hard, glass-like and could withstand large changes in temperature, making it the perfect choice forFigure 1 New Hall Boy With The Butterfly Patterned Tea Bowl and Saucer C1790 tea drinkers. European pottery makers recognised the value of Chinese porcelain and strove to emulate it. In Europe, this was first achieved at Meissen near Dresden in 1709 by the development of a feldspar based paste supplemented with kaolin, fired at high temperatures. The English pottery manufacturers came up with an alternative, so called soft paste porcelain, formed from a combination of clay and frit (ground quartz) fired at lower temperatures than hard paste porcelain. One of the earliest manufacturers of soft paste porcelain was Bow circa 1749. Such was the value of the Bow paste, which incorporated bone ash, that it was said Robert Brown, the founder of Lowestoft, hid in a barrel at the Bow works to watch the mixing of the paste.

Figure 2 Worcester Tea Canister Circa 1770The development of English soft paste porcelains by Bow, Lowestoft, Chelsea, Derby and Worcester, and the later production of hard paste porcelains by New Hall and Keeling allowed English pottery makers to emulate the Chinese porcelains styles/patterns (Figures 1) or Europeanised Chinese styles (Figure 2) by producing tea wares of comparable translucency and quality. This rise in good quality English tea wares combined with an ever increasing import duty on Chinese porcelain, made the continued trade in Chinese tea wares unviable. This resulted in the East India Company ceasing its trade in imported Chinese porcelain in 1798, which left the English tea ware market to the English ceramics manufacturers.